How to utilize VOC 120% using a CTQ Tree 【Excel Template Practice】

(Duration: 4:24)

DOWNLOAD  ← Click this to download the “CTQ Tree” template file.

 

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Introduction of the CTQ Tree Tool

 

Hi, this is Mike Negami, Lean Sigma Black Belt.

 

In recent videos, I’ve often talked about CTQ (Critical To Quality).  For deeper understanding, I would like to introduce a very powerful tool, the CTQ Tree.

 

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You are supposed to convert your VOC’s (Voice Of Customers) to CTQ at the beginning of the Measure Phase.  This CTQ Tree will assist you in making the process very easy. I’ll explain how to use the CTQ Tree with an Excel template.

 

23-ctq-tree-completed

 

This is the actual template. You can download this template from below:

 

DOWNLOAD  ← Click this to download the “CTQ Tree” template file.

 

How to use the CTQ Tree template

 

You’ll fill out the sections from left to right.

 

The 1st step is to identify critical customer needs.

It’s a good idea to ask your existing customers, “What do you most expect from this service or product?”  Also, gather employees who are close to your customers, such as sales, customer service and marketing people and make them have a brainstorming session.

 

Let’s say that our most critical need is “On time delivery”, then type that here.

 

The 2nd step is to clarify the Quality Drivers of each customer need.

The next consideration is what things can we do to satisfy that need?   We call those things quality drivers. In the brainstorming meeting, ask this question: “How can we satisfy this need?”

 

In this step, rough ideas are ok. Write down all the ideas your group came up with.  After running out of new ideas, select only the practical ones. For our example, we’ve got three ideas. I’ll type them in Column B.

 

Great Excel Tips

There is no text box for the third one, so while pressing your shift key, select the arrows and text boxes.  Then while pressing your control key, drag the images and release your mouse. You can copy them at the same time.

 

Drag an edge of this line close to another shape. You’ll see black points on the shape. Releasing your mouse on one of the black points changes it to green. Then the box and line are connected.

 

Here is another Excel tip: You can very easily align and distribute multiple shapes this way.  After selecting multiple shapes with your shift key, click “Drawing Tools’ Format”, “Align”, and then select “Align Left”.  Again in the same “Align”, select “Distribute Vertically”. It looks better now.

 

I‘ll do the same in the next Column. This is the completion of alignment and distribution. By using this tip, you can write a flowchart beautifully and easily too.

 

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The 3rd step is to identify your CTQ (Critical To Quality) of your customer needs.

Lastly, take a deeper look at each quality driver and type the specific and measurable quality requirements in the next column.  In your meeting, use this question: “How can we measure each quality driver?” The answers will be CTQ.

 

There may be multiple CTQ’s for some quality drivers. Also sometimes you don’t have any measurable factors.  It’s ok to use non-measurable ones. You should put at least one CTQ for each quality driver. This is the completion of the CTQ Tree and our CTQ’s have been identified.

 

(Click the image below to enlarge the image.)

23-ctq-tree-completed

 

Today’s theme was the CTQ Tree by which you can convert your VOC’s to the CTQ’s that are required for process improvement.

 

I hope it helped you to better understand the CTQ concept. Thank you for viewing. If you like my videos, please click the “Subscribe” button.

 

 

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